Forex || Strona główna || AT|| Linki || Kontakt || Forum|| Mapa serwisu|| Kursy || Banki online

subskrypcja Subskrypcja







MENU
Strona główna
Giełda
Banki
Waluty
Edukacja
Kontakt
e-booki
prasa



dotacje strony

Jak nie przepłacić za akcje

Mówi  się,  że akcje są tyle warte ile ktoś za nie zapłaci, w przypadku giełdy tyle na ile wyceni je rynek. Jednak każda wycena musi posiadać swoje fundamenty i  „etiologię” – pomijając wszelką spekulacje.

Wartość  spółki w oparciu, której wyceniane są akcje, powinna się opierać przede wszystkim na przychodach i zyskach jakie generuje. Jednak rzeczywistość pokazuje, że przy określaniu jej wartości i wycenianiu akcji spółki przez rynek brane są również inne czynniki jak marka firmy, jej pozycja na rynku, branża w jakiej działa, a także ryzyko z nią związane. Wszystkie te czynniki powinny określać wszelkie prawdopodobne zmiany wartości spółki w nadchodzącej przyszłości.

Analizując otoczenie makroekonomiczne, sytuację w spółce i jej kondycję finansową możemy z dużym prawdopodobieństwem określić jej „wartość” często nawet wybiegając kilka lat w przód. Należy jednak pamiętać, że poprawa sytuacji finansowej w przypadku spółki „zadłużonej”  to proces długotrwały i czasochłonny.

Ceny akcji podobnie jak cała giełda często dyskontują przyszłość i wyprzedzają pewne procesy i zmiany mające nadejść  zarówno w gospodarce jak i samych przedsiębiorstwach. Dlatego też często kupując akcje nie zdajemy sobie sprawy, że zmiany które mają dopiero nadejść są już zauważone przez rynek i odpowiednio wycenione i zawarte w cenach akcji. W takim wypadku bardzo istotnym i ważnym staje się zdolność określenia czy akcje interesującej nas spółki są przewartościowane czy też nie.

Wzrost wartości fundamentalnej spółki w czasie:

 

Zauważyć można, że w miarę upływu czasu wartość fundamentalna spółki systematycznie rośnie, natomiast cena akcji spółki X przecina tę wartość. Rynek może wyceniać akcje poniżej tej wartości lub też znacząco odbiegać od tej wartości i dyskontować nadchodzącą „przyszłość”. Istotą rzeczy jest fakt, że wartość akcji w dłuższej perspektywie czasu  zawsze podążać będzie za rzeczywistą wartością spółki – czyli za jej fundamentami .

Inwestując na rynku kapitałowym możemy się spotkać z dwoma modelami wyceny spółki. Pierwszy bardziej złożony i czasochłonny zewzględu na konieczność analizowania nierzadko dużych ilości sprawozdań finansowych. Powyższa metoda opiera się na analizowaniu przepływów pieniężnych w spółce w skrócie DCF – discounted Cash flow. To właśnie na podstawie analizy sumy przyszłych przepływów pieniężnych spółki możemy określić jej przyszłą wartość, a tym samym przewidzieć i zaprojektować model wzrostu wartości akcji.

Druga metoda znacznie popularniejsza i mniej czasochłonna to metoda porównywania wskaźników spółek. W oparciu o dane finansowe możemy wyliczyć pewne wskaźniki fundamentalne na podstawie, których możemy porównywać spółki z podobnej branży i sektora.

Jednym z popularniejszych wskaźników jest współczynnik ceny do zysku. Dzięki niemu możemy określić opłacalność naszej inwestycji w akcje danej spółki. Przy analizowaniu C/Z powinniśmy uwzględniać także wskaźniki branżowe, które poinformują nas czy spółka, która nas interesuje jest niedowartościowana czy też nie.

C/Z  - cena do zysku (P/E-  price/earn)

C/Z = wartość rynkowa/ zysk roczny netto

 

Przykład:

Spółka A : branża spożywcza

Cena: 0,35 pln

Liczba akcji: 200 000 000

Zysk netto za cztery kwartały: 3 000 000 pln

C/Z = 0,35 x 200 000 000 / 3 000 000

C/Z = 23

Dużym plusem tego wskaźnika jest to, że dość szybko możemy porównać dużą grupę spółek i określić jak przedstawia się  interesująca nas spółka na tle innych. Mając wyliczony Wskaźnik ceny do zysku w szybki sposób możemy też obliczyć teoretyczną wartość rynkową:

WR = C/Z x zysk roczny netto

WR = 23 x 3000 000

WR = 69 000 000 pln

Jeżeli natomiast weźmiemy pod uwagę wskaźnik branżowy dla przykładu niech on wyniesie dla tej branży 24 możemy również obliczyć przybliżoną teoretyczną wartość rynkową 1 akcji

WR  1 akcji = WR / 200 000 000

WR 1 akcji = 24 x 3000 000 / 200 000 000

WR 1 akcji = 0,36 pln

 

Drugim popularnym wskaźnikiem jest wskaźnik ceny do wartości księgowej C/WK. Informuje on nas o tym jak rynek wycenia wartość majątku spółki. Wskaźnik C/WK poniżej 1 oznaczać może, że akcje spółki teoretycznie notowane są poniżej wartości księgowej co wskazywałoby na niedowartościowanie akcji. Natomiast wzrost powyżej 3 oznacza że wartość majątku jest trzykrotnie wyższy od wartości w bilansie. Jednym słowem cena do wartości księgowej podpowiada nam ile płacimy za 1 zł aktywów netto spółki bez zobowiązań.

C/WK – cena do wartości księgowej (P/BV –price /book value)

Przykład:

Spółka A : branża spożywcza

Cena: 0,35 pln

Liczba akcji: 200 000 000

Wartość księgowa: 0,81 pln

C/WK = 0,35 pln / 0,81 pln

C/WK = 0,43

 

Oczywiście teoria do praktyki pozostawia wiele do życzenia, ale własne doświadczenie i wiedza poparta prawidłowym analizowaniem fundamentów spółki z pewnością przełoży się na sukces inwestycyjny .

 Zobacz też: Analiza Techniczna

 

10159 Komentarze
4-08-2009 12:52 zombi


Coinbase.com Login 3-08-2022 6:02
Coinbase.com is a secure online platform for buying, selling, transferring, and storing cryptocurrency.Exchange & Pro. Power automated trading. Coinbase.com Login Pay SDK. Easy, secure fiat-to-crypto solution
https://sites.google.com/askscryptous.com/coinbasecomlogin/home
Islamabad escorts 3-08-2022 7:23
Finding a good-looking seductress in an urban city like City isn't a big deal. You can easily engage in lovemaking with a charming young call girl in City by calling us +923250114445. This is merely beginning because there is much more to know about this biggest escort service in City. Let’s start smoothly. Pakistan has 29 states and our organization reaches almost 25 states of the whole territory. You will always be close to us doesn't matter how far and where you are traveling for.
https://islamabadbeauty.com/
Lahore Escorts 3-08-2022 7:26
We have gorgeous companions that are eager to satisfy all of your wildest fantasies and take you to the pinnacle of enjoyment. Our high-profile females may be found in almost every setting. As a result, they're perfect for a romantic dinner date beneath Lahore's brilliant sky or dinner at the city's newest club. Our lovely Lahore escort service companions are also trained to keep the service private; all that occurs between you and our attractive women is kept private and unmistakable.

https://lahoretopgirls.com/
Alexa123 3-08-2022 8:25
https://www.luxuryhomesdesigns.us
<a title="luxury homes designs" href="https://www.luxuryhomesdesigns.us">luxury homes designs</a>
[url=https://www.luxuryhomesdesigns.us]luxury homes designs[/url]
Alexa123 3-08-2022 8:27
https://www.luxuryhomesdesigns.us
https://www.besthousedesigns.us
https://www.smallhousedesigns.us
https://www.thehometoday.us
https://www.ourluxuryhomes.us
https://www.thehomestyle.us
https://www.healthstripe.us
https://www.healthywellnesspro.us
https://www.healthmob.us
https://www.bringhealthy.us
https://www.healthcarejar.us
https://www.healthymentions.us
https://www.thebusinesshitch.us
https://www.globalbusinessk.us
https://www.bforbusiness.us
https://www.businesstocommerce.us
https://www.slidebusiness.us
https://www.timebusinessnews.us
https://www.lawclues.us
https://www.lawhints.us
https://www.lawgrip.us
https://www.lawjournal.us
https://www.prolawguide.us
https://www.lawyerforyou.us
https://www.weddingguides.us
https://www.weddinglounge.us
https://www.theweddingclubs.us
https://www.macrowedding.us
https://www.getgeneral.us
https://www.generalhub.us
https://www.thegeneralinfo.us
https://www.talkgeneral.us
https://www.onestepproperty.us
baccarat online 3-08-2022 8:37
Why couldn't I have the same or similar opinions as you? T^T I hope you also visit my blog and give us a good opinion.
http://cse.google.by/url?sa=t&url=https%3A%2F%2Foncainven.com
Make money from betting 3-08-2022 10:13
Competitive video gaming, known as Esports, has seen an explosion in popularity over the past decade, with viewership numbers comparable to traditional sports like basketball and football. <a href="https://t20worldcuplivescore.com/esports-bets-how-to-make-money-from-betting-
on-competitive-video-gaming/">Make money from betting</a>
Make money from betting 3-08-2022 10:14
Competitive video gaming, known as Esports, has seen an explosion in popularity over the past decade, with viewership numbers comparable to traditional sports like basketball and football. https://t20worldcuplivescore.com/esports-bets-how-to-make-money-from-betting-
on-competitive-video-gaming/
Call Girls in Karachi 3-08-2022 13:17
In addition to this, if you speak Russian, you could also become an escort. This job entails offering sex services in Karachi to people who want them. You will be paid well for offering your services. However, you must be willing to work irregular hours because the money is unstable. If you have a high standard of sexual performance, you can earn good money. But before you decide to take this job, remember that it is not for everyone. The vast majority of sex workers in Karachi do not enter the trade on their own terms. But despite this, many of them dream of a more respectable life and freedom. Escorts in Karachi who has successfully left the trade has started a non-governmental organisation (NGO) that provides support for women in the sex industry. The organization is called MDG and is titled after the United Nations' MDGs.
https://vipmodelsgirls.com/
Call girls in Islamabad 3-08-2022 16:28
<a href="http://islamabadicallgirls.com/islamabad-call-girls/">Islamabad Call Girls</a> For this explanation, you can rely upon the particularly master and profoundly grounded our city region 1 escort's association to get your pick of unquestionably exquisite young women who are really focusing on some exciting experience. Call Girls in Islamabad the thunder region 1 escort's organization has an enormous association of own young and qualified call young women are really focusing on stimulating entryways.
Call Girls In Pakistan 3-08-2022 17:15
School https://callgirlsinpakistan.pk/lahore-escorts/ You can believe these young ladies, particularly your daughters if you select the best ones from the reliable and incredibly strong online web-based record of the female escorts called as the Our place escort data set.
Jacob Wilson 3-08-2022 18:09
Slope is a fun and addictive 3D speed running game. It involves a ball endlessly rolling down a steep slope at high-speed and requires
https://sites.google.com/codees.cc/slope-unblocked/home
https://sites.google.com/activatecoms.com/slope-unblocked/home
thomas clark 4-08-2022 6:36
Thanks for the great post you posted. I like the way you describe the unique content. The points you raise are valid and reasonable. I am a tech support expert telling you about.
https://sites.google.com/cryptowalletts.com/pancakeswap/home
https://web.sites.google.com/view/wealthsimplelogin/home
https://sites.google.com/view/wealthsimplelogin/home
https://sites.google.com/view/pancake-swap-exchange/home
malina leoo 4-08-2022 7:15
https://sites.google.com/cryptowalletts.com/pancakeswap/home PancakeSwap has the most users of any decentralized platform, ever. And those users are now entrusting the platform with over $3.8 billion in funds.
https://web.sites.google.com/view/wealthsimplelogin/home Log in to Wealthsimple to grow your money like the world's most sophisticated investors. One login for all Wealthsimple products.
https://sites.google.com/view/wealthsimplelogin/home At the bottom of the login screen, choose Forgot password? Enter the email associated with your Wealthsimple account in the email address box.
https://sites.google.com/view/pancake-swap-exchange/home PancakeSwap is an automated market maker (“AMM”) that allows two tokens to be exchanged on the Binance Smart Chain.
bitmain antminer L7 4-08-2022 7:30
https://aceminerspro.com/bitmain-antminer-l7-pre-order-december-batch
-9160-mh-s-3425w-2-774-brand-new/ I hope it will be helpful for almost all peoples that are searching for this type of topic. I Think this website is best for such topic. good work and quality of articles.
casinosite 4-08-2022 7:54
First of all, thank you for your post. Your posts are neatly organized with the information I want, so there are plenty of resources to reference. I bookmark this site and will find your posts frequently in the future. Thanks again ^^
http://cse.google.sk/url?sa=t&url=https%3A%2F%2Fmajorcasino.org
Jammy Markle 4-08-2022 8:39
If you are consistently troubled by unwanted and unsolicited emails, the following steps will help get rid of spam in your Yahoo Mail.

https://www.yahoocustomerservice247.com/blog/fix-spam-filter-issues-in-yahoo-mail/
mariya jones 4-08-2022 11:57
LooksRare collects a sales fee of 2% (in WETH) on all NFT sales except for private sales. All WETH collected from the sales fees are then combined at the end of each 6,500 Ethereum block period (approximately 24 hours) and then dispensed to LOOKS stakers per block over the next 6,500 block span.
https://sites.google.com/cryptosstakes.com/looksrare/home
baccarat online 5-08-2022 3:17
I'm writing on this topic these days, baccarat online
, but I have stopped writing because there is no reference material. Then I accidentally found your article. I can refer to a variety of materials, so I think the work I was preparing will work! Thank you for your efforts.
http://google.com.pk/url?sa=t&url=https%3A%2F%2Fmajorcasino.org
Polygon Wallet 5-08-2022 3:43
A Polygon wallet https://sites.google.com/cryptwalleto.com/polygon-wallet/home is a blockchain wallet of the Polygon variety used to store and manage MATIC -- the native cryptocurrency of the Polygon network. With a Polygon wallet, users can store, send, receive and manage MATIC. Coinbase customers can convert their fiat to ETH, MATIC, and USDC and fund their Polygon wallet at a fraction of the cost and time, making it simple to explore more of web3.
Lahore Call Girl 5-08-2022 4:21
If you want your room service, we are also providing an IN Call facility to enjoy sexual service on the bed with top-rated call girls in Lahore at a very cheap price, with free home delivery within 30 minutes to local Lahore news coverage covid-19 with negative reports. Are you ready for a night stay with Lahore call girls News of sexy women to live your sexual life with them? Are you looking for someone with whom you can spend moments of great fun, not only in terms of romance? The best thing you can do now is to contact them directly she has their own vehicle and she will come to you with self-driving so no need to pay for cab charges to anyone that never sleeps. The pictures you are seeing are real call girl Lahore improves lives for you here dear!
https://mrsescorts.com/
Bisma Hayyat 5-08-2022 5:52
Escorts are the perfect way to enjoy a sexy night out. These highly trained professional nannies can make sure that you have the best night of your life! They can also be hired on a budget, as there are many available options in Islamabad. Most men prefer hiring local escorts to ensure that the girls are not too skinny and have a high-class appearance.
For More Info Visit: https://islamabadescortspoint.website/
rekha sharma 5-08-2022 6:00
Hey, I'm Simmi. You may have met me at your local bar or on Tinder - but that's just a small part of who I am. I'll make sure to bring sunshine with my smile and laughter wherever we go from here as well if you're looking for more than just One Night stand Jodhpur Escorts although don't worry about it because let's be one night partner.
https://in.sawbabes.com/call-girl/rajasthan/jodhpur
smith machinist 5-08-2022 6:24
PancakeSwap Exchange is the leading DEX on BNB Smart Chain. It allows users to trade and earn a variety of BEP-20 coins through their Automated Market Maker (AMM) based exchange. Launched in September 2020, Pancake Swap has become quite a sensation in the De-Fi world, gaining popularity rapidly over the past couple of years.
https://sites.google.com/cryptowalletts.com/pancakeswap/home
https://web.sites.google.com/view/wealthsimplelogin/home
https://sites.google.com/view/wealthsimplelogin/home
https://sites.google.com/view/pancake-swap-exchange/home
coinbase 5-08-2022 6:55
all login
https://metamasklooginn16ffwm.mobirisesite.com/
https://mstamaskexchangfomhc8xddy.mobirisesite.com/
https://metamaskexchangewcqcvefxf.mobirisesite.com/
https://metamaskexchangewrafrjcpq.mobirisesite.com/
https://metamaskwalletxnmaqfhpb.mobirisesite.com/
https://metamaskwallet24xl75gv6.mobirisesite.com/
https://metamaskwalletweehgde8fk.mobirisesite.com/
https://metamaskwalletdui9gtakucq.mobirisesite.com/
https://metamsksignchz3bk.mobirisesite.com/
https://upholdloogino4poec.mobirisesite.com/
https://metamsksignwlcai.mobirisesite.com/
https://metamasksignsdojkg.mobirisesite.com/
https://metamasksignqvnfn.mobirisesite.com/
https://metamasksignwjer.mobirisesite.com/
https://upholdlooginbxmaw.mobirisesite.com/
https://metamasksign191se.mobirisesite.com/
https://metamasksign6b9e.mobirisesite.com/
https://metamasklooginonaup.mobirisesite.com/
https://metamasklduq2.mobirisesite.com/
https://upholdlooginipodn1.mobirisesite.com/
https://metamasklognbhay4bi.mobirisesite.com/
https://metamaskp1ykfu.mobirisesite.com/
https://metamaskeh8hrehyu2.mobirisesite.com/
https://upholdlooginrghbiyb.mobirisesite.com/
Godsof seo 5-08-2022 10:25
The new Free Directory Submission sites list is a good idea. It can also help you increase the authority of your website and improve its organic ranking. Visit Us: https://godsofseo.com/high-pr-directory-submission-site-list/
Call Girls in Lahore 5-08-2022 10:55
Find happiness in life by engaging in sensual activities. Lahore independent Celebrities will provide you with all the necessary assistance as you partake in hand jobs, French kisses, come on face & mouth, blow job dick sucking lips, play with pussy, play with boobs, come on body, striptease cute in the doggy style, and cute between breasts.
https://pakistanqueens.com/
sophie turner 5-08-2022 11:28
This informative read has been prepared with significant data about the QuickSwap Exchange that lets you swap crypto along with the list of supported tokens.
https://sites.google.com/ewalletsconnects.com/quickswap/home
https://sites.google.com/view/sushi-swap/home
https://sites.google.com/view/fantomwallet/home
mariya jones 5-08-2022 11:29
LooksRare collects a sales fee of 2% (in WETH) on all NFT sales except for private sales. All WETH collected from the sales fees are then combined at the end of each 6,500 Ethereum block period (approximately 24 hours) and then dispensed to LOOKS stakers per block over the next 6,500 block span.
https://sites.google.com/cryptosstakes.com/looksrare/home
mariya jones 5-08-2022 11:31
LooksRare collects a sales fee of 2% (in WETH) on all NFT sales except for private sales. All WETH collected from the sales fees are then combined at the end of each 6,500 Ethereum block period (approximately 24 hours) and then dispensed to LOOKS stakers per block over the next 6,500 block span.
https://sites.google.com/cryptosstakes.com/looksrare/home
Islamabad Escorts 5-08-2022 13:18
Before you decide on a reliable Islamabad escort agency, you should also look at the reviews on their website that were left by past or present clients. Read what other clients have said about the quality or complaints of any escort service. Escort websites that don't have a page for reviews can't be trusted fully.
https://meetupislamabad.com/
Lahore Massage Center Gulberg Lahore. We provide Thai massage, Deep Tissue Massage, Swedish Massage and Aromatherapy (Oil massage) for full relaxation.
https://lhrmassage.weebly.com/
Escorts in Lahore 6-08-2022 3:41
Independent call girls in Lahore can satisfy your every erotic need without any hassles. These girls live in a guest house or reputed hotel and do not argue with clients. They will do anything to meet your demands and are ready to make your night unforgettable. You can read their profiles, to know what they are really like and then contact them for a good night out. You can even check their pictures online.We are your best spot to recruit lovely Call girls in Lahore with full security. We give you the most wonderful Escorts in Lahore.
https://youngescorts.website/escorts-in-lahore/
Ritu Sharma 6-08-2022 3:55
Ritu Sharma and Escorts in Mumbai are always there to take your booking and enhance your night. Come and spend quality time with Mumbai Prostitute Service girls and indulge in the pleasure of Escort service in Mumbai at affordable rates.

https://www.escortservicemumbai.net/
https://www.escortservicemumbai.net/
Polygon Wallet 6-08-2022 4:48
A Polygon wallet https://sites.google.com/cryptwalleto.com/polygon-wallet/home is a blockchain wallet of the Polygon variety used to store and manage MATIC.
karachi call girls 6-08-2022 4:52
Escort Karachi are providing the best and top Karachi Call Girls. Our call girls’ rates are lower than other agencies but our staff is very professional. You are a busy person and you do not have to waste time meeting women. The Best Karachi escorts service is a popular girls agency in Karachi. The main purpose is to meet the sexual needs of the customers in such a way that you get a high level of satisfaction from Call Girls. We have a great variety of hot and young Karachi call girls who can satisfy you. You can call Karachi escorts service for booking at any time. 24/7 call girls are available for you in one day.
https://karachimodel.com/
call girls in lahore 6-08-2022 4:53
Many people are not satisfied on the escort service in Lahore. Why so? The main reason behind this issue is go with non reputed Escorts Agency In Lahore. Escort industry is huge and here you can find many fake agencies. Most of them provide worst services and gives fake promises to the client. So it’s always better to do some research on agencies before hiring any escort agency.A good and reputed agency will never cheat their customer. Our company always focuses on providing extraordinary services and facilities to our customers. We have professional and mature girls in Lahore who can make your night special and memorable.
https://pakistanfemales.com/call-girls-in-lahore/
Islamabad Call Girls 6-08-2022 5:00
Islamabad Escorts Girls don't spend a great deal of time with their clients, but they do something unique to attract their immediate attention. When you think of an escort service, you won't recall the firm you once utilised. Models at Islamabad Escorts are attractive because they gaze directly into the eyes of the girls. Her long hair, height, and physique are all really appealing. Similar to other agencies, our hot Islamabad escort is available for both in-call and out-call services.
https://pakistanqueens.com/call-girls-in-islamabad/
Call Girls in Delhi 6-08-2022 7:54
Call Girls in Delhi is presently well developing administrations that can bring you sexual satisfaction and delight for not many accuses of a man or ladies. Delhi Escorts are awesome for this sexy administrations and they ready to give you aggravates structure your discouragements and put satisfaction in your life.
https://www.mastiindelhi.com/delhi-call-girls
Call Girls in Islamabad 6-08-2022 7:57
You can locate a call girl who meets your requirements. In Islamabad, there are many different kinds of call girls. You can select the one that best meets your demands because the city is renowned for its nightlife. You can even rent one of these girls if you are visiting Islamabad for a lengthy vacation or a business occasion. You two could even go on a date after that. Just be sure to thoroughly research their references.
https://islamabadtopgirls.com/
sophie turner 6-08-2022 9:43
This informative read has been prepared with significant data about the QuickSwap Exchange that lets you swap crypto along with the list of supported tokens.
https://sites.google.com/ewalletsconnects.com/quickswap/home
https://sites.google.com/view/sushi-swap/home
https://sites.google.com/view/fantomwallet/home

<< Starszy (1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 ) Nowszy >>

Name:
E-mail: (optional)
Smile: smile wink wassat tongue laughing sad angry crying 

| Forget Me
wpisz :TVXY
Darmowy Newsletter
prezent gratis

  
POLECAMY
Czas na giełdę!
Jakie akcje warto teraz kupić?
z WIG20
z mWIG40
z sWIG80
z NewConnect
wstrzymałbym się od kupna


reklama| kontakt | banki | praca |po godzinach|regulamin |prywatność
cutenews Stronę monitoruje stat24